Transparency and Fairness of Digital Platforms Act (TFDPA) enacted in Japan is designed to prevent large digital platform providers from forcing small-to-medium-sized enterprises having no bargaining power to accept unfavorable conditions to use their platform.

In April 2021, Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI) designated five platform providers (online shopping malls and application stores) as regulations under TFDPA.  The designated digital platform providers are Amazon Japan, Rakuten Group, Yahoo Japan, Apple Inc. and Google.

METI set up a consultation desks that provide advice to small-to-medium sized business when they encounter conducts that might violate the law.